WW II Era Military Slang (trivia 2)

How we talk to each other, the popular expressions we choose when expressing feelings, all contribute to the culture of an era.  Slang can tell us a great deal about people, and much of it is created new for each generation, though some words and phrases survive through time.

Additionally, within a given era, there may be sub-cultures where language intrinsic to that group evolves.  I am particularly interested in WW II military slang.  In researching my novel, I came across refreshing expressions for objects and activities and used many of these in The Burma Road.

For example, in the WW II mess hall, beef was “tiger meat” and prunes were “army strawberries”. (1)  Likewise, ketchup was known as “red paint”, “redeye”, “red ink”, or “red lead”.  In contrast, a “meatball” was what they called the red disc-shaped rising-sun symbol on Japanese flags or planes, and a “Hershey bar” was a short, horizontal gold stripe on an olive green bar worn by the men to indicate six months in a combat zone, officially known as an “Overseas Service Bar” or “Overseas Bar/Stripe”.

If they liked their mess sergeant, he was fondly called the “Bean King”.  But the k-ration lemonade powder was not so fondly christened as “battery acid”.  This was seldom drank, and often discarded or used for cleaning. Finally, the meal of choice at many boot camps was “SOS”, short for “shit on a shingle”—creamed, chipped, or ground beef on toast. (2)  One veteran I interviewed, Erv Giacomini, said he had this for dinner every night while in training. I imagine even prime rib or lobster, gets old after a while.

In one of my chapters, “Fort Ord”, Georgie gets in trouble with his sergeant who sends him to the mess hall for some “bubble dancing”.  Georgie’s cousin was stationed at Ord the summer before and taught him military slang, so he was fully aware his sergeant had ordered him to wash the dishes.  In this same chapter, while Jack and Georgie are standing around, smoking outside of Stilwell Hall, the officer in charge yells at them to, “Roll up your flaps,” (i.e., stop talking),  and “Taxi up,” (i.e., come here). (3)

The soldiers must have missed their families and girlfriends while braving harsh conditions in the trenches.  Getting the “lowdown” (i.e., news or information) (4) from folks stateside was their only way to learn the latest about loved ones.  Receiving a letter from home was the most important factor in building a serviceman’s morale. (5)

Unfortunately, when the Marsmen crossed the Burmese mountains, they didn’t receive any mail, with the exception of the 613th Field Artillery.  This group had a pilot on one of their observation planes, Lieutenant John Sittner, who dropped their letters down to the trail via a small homemade parachute. (6)  But most Marsmen didn’t have this luxury.  For over a month while the Mars Task Force crossed the Burmese Mountains, most went without prized letters from home.  When they arrived in the Hosi Valley and settled in, mail would resume being air dropped. (7)

The men wrote letters to loved ones back home and these were delivered when possible, going out by truck or sometimes by the small L-1 or L-5 planes that evacuated the wounded.  A note to one’s sweetheart was called a “behavior report”.  And if the GI was lucky enough to have his paramour write back, he received a “sugar report”.  (8)

Also in the “Fort Ord” chapter, Jack and Georgie meet their Sergeant Argent, or “Sarge”.  They are exposed to his acerbic method of command when he warns that he hopes there are no “zombies” (9) among them—soldiers who rank in the next to lowest category in the Army classifications tests.  Sarge doesn’t tolerate stupidity; patience is not his strong suit.

In my chapter, “Mule Skinners”, Sarge breaks up a fight between Carson and Bradson by screaming, “Blow it out your barracks bag, privates!”  This means, “Shut up, and go to hell.”  (10)

In my chapter, “Mong Wi”, you learn that the Burmese natives loved to trade fresh vegetables and chickens for cigarettes and American-made parachutes.  According to John Randolph in his Marsmen in Burma, one white cotton parachute earned a Marsman twenty rupees.  He could then buy a chicken for one rupee per pound.  (11) The soldiers called the parachutes “umbrellas”.  (12)

Perhaps my best-loved military slang term is the word they used for the 105 mm M101A1 Howitzer.  The men of the Mars Task Force did not use these.  Instead, they fired the 75 mm pack Howitzers.  However, the 105 mm was one of the standard U.S. light-field Howitzers used during World War II, and they were prevalent in both the European and Pacific theatres. (13) These were nicknamed the “priest” due to their pulpit-like .50-caliber machine gun mount (14); the “priest” was both extremely accurate at hitting its mark and dealt a powerful punch—springing images to mind of the enemy praying like priests for the deadly shells to miss them. (15)

My favorite part of writing The Burma Road was researching the slang used during the WW II era.  I minored in Folklore at Sacramento State University, and I’ve always loved learning about the things people say and do. Studying the culture helped me to understand how it felt to live during the war-torn forties.  I hope this article gives you some insight into the veterans’ experience.  I appreciate what these men endured, and I have some idea of what their ordeal was like by the language they used, and I have a sense of how they coped through the humor they built into their slang.  My study of their informal use of vocabulary and idiom gives me a bird’s eye view of the soldier’s daily life, and, historically, I find this priceless.

 

Footnotes:

(1)  Slate’s History Blog, The Vault, “Some Choice Bits of Slang from American Soldiers Serving in WWII”,  November 11, 2013. 1:40 pm,

https://slate.com/human-interest/2013/11/military-slang-terms-used-by-soldiers-in-wwii.html

(2)   Fubar, Soldier Slang of World War lI, Gordon L. Rottman, 2017. Osprey Publishing, pages 92, 76, 59, 22, 23, and 101.

(3)  Slate’s History Blog, Ibid.

(4)  Fubar, Soldier Slang of World War lI, Ibid., page 73.

(5)  Marsmen in Burma, John Randolph, 1990. Curators of the University of Missouri, page 186.

(6)  Marsmen in Burma, ibid., page 115.

(7)  Marsmen in Burma, ibid., page 186.

(8)  Slate’s History Blog, Ibid.

(9)  Slate’s History Blog, Ibid.

(10)  Slate’s History Blog, Ibid.

(11)  Marsmen in Burma, ibid., page 132

(12)  Fubar, Soldier Slang of World War lI, Ibid., page 112

(13)  Wikipedia.org, M101 Howitzer, Printed 9-2-19.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M101_howitzer 

(14)  Fubar, Soldier Slang of World War lI, Ibid. page 88

(15)  Wikipedia.org, Ibid.

 

© 2019 Jeanne M. Halloran, all rights reserved

No portion of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or use of any information storage and retrieval system, without express written permission from the author.

Jodie’s Story, Internment Camps (veteran’s & family stories 1)

My mother was 5 years old in 1942. She was born and raised in California… mostly central and southern California. She told a heartbreaking story of the Japanese internment camps right here on US soil and home in California. There was a little Japanese boy in her kindergarten class. One day he and his entire family up and disappeared without a word. When she asked her parents, my grandparents, it was explained to her that they were most likely taken to the internment camps and how wrong that was. My grandmother’s mother was an immigrant from Germany pre-world war 1 and was a German Jew. She instilled the value of all people to my grandmother along with fairness and equality.

Both of my maternal grandmother’s parents were European immigrants. Her mother from Germany and her father from Norway. Grandma had an older half-sister in Norway who was an international translator during WW2. I wish I’d been able to get some of the stories she had to tell. As a translator, I’m sure she saw, heard and was privy to all sorts of information.

I know my stories aren’t necessarily about the war and battles, but they were part of the history of the world during that time. WW2 impacted every family in some way across most of the globe.

As told by Jodie McDowell, 8-31-19

Please Share Your Stories (odds & ends 2)

A lot of us have many stories told to us by our parents or grandparents.  These are priceless and should be saved for future generations.  If someone in your family, or a friend, told stories about World War II, please share them here.  I welcome all comments, any length, with personal accounts from your relatives, or friends.  These could be stories from any of the war theatres.  They are all relevant to this blog.

I also welcome dialogue, back and forth, about these stories and about any of the information posted on this website.  I will answer all comments.

If you have photos to share, please email them to: gigi94127@yahoo.com.  I’ll be happy to post all photos received.  Please include information, of any length, about the content of the photo.

It is my intention to make this blog an ongoing record of the World War II experience, in addition to providing background and information about my novel The Burma Road.  Thank you in advance for your contribution, your input is priceless and greatly valued!

 

Entertainment During World War II (trivia 1)

The need for a long-range penetration unit in Burma impelled the activation of the Mars Task Force at Camp Gruber in December of 1943.  On the same day, December 17th, President Roosevelt announced that the airplane the Wright Brothers had first flown forty years earlier would be brought back to the United States.  It had been in storage in England, but Roosevelt wanted to donate it to the Smithsonian Institution in honor of the anniversary of this aerial innovation.

Meanwhile, wars in Europe and the Pacific were in full swing, and I am certain the absence of an entire population of young men was felt by everyone, but stateside life carried on. Folks at home were forced to make daily sacrifices with the rationing of gasoline, butter, and other commodities, so they turned to much-needed distractions from entertainment.  

Americans were listening to their radios, and “Paper Doll” by the Mills Brothers, which was #1 on the Hit Parade as of December 13th of that year was soon replaced by the Andrews Sisters’ “Shoo Shoo Baby”.  The other top songs Americans loved were: “Pistol Packin’ Mama” by Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters; “People Will Say We’re In Love” by Bing Crosby and Trudy Erwin; and “My Heart Tells Me” by Frank Sinatra.

Americans were avid readers, buying best sellers such as: The Apostle by Sholem Asch, So Little Time by John Marquand, and The Robe by Lloyd Douglas. (1)

The average cost of a movie was 29 cents (2), and people bought tickets to see Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon in Madame Curie, (3) or lined up for The Song of Bernadette with Jennifer Jones and Charles Bickford. (4)

Time Magazine honored Army Chief of Staff General George C. Marshall for its Man of the Year cover, and people were still singing Bing Crosby’s “White Christmas”, which debuted a year earlier. (5)

In San Francisco, Jack Holloway’s folks might have gone to dinner at the prestigious Cliff House and bought a salmon steak for 65 cents a plate, or had a tenderloin steak for $1.40. (6) After dinner, they might have strolled down the street to the provocative Playland-at-the-Beach where they could enjoy the Bob Sled Dipper, Shoot-the-Chutes, or The Whip.  They might have bought tickets to go inside the popular Funhouse to enjoy more rides and attractions. (7)  These interests occupied their minds, temporarily relieving them from worry about loved ones overseas.

During the war, entertainment was also important for the morale of the soldiers who saw the shows put on by the United Service Organization (USO); they also saw Hollywood movies at theatres in their camps. In some cases, the movie screen was made out of parachutes. 

In my research of this era, I’ve come to realize that entertainment has always been important to us. The human mind is always alive, creating.  We find new ways to express our complex emotions and entertain ourselves in the process.  We design, we choreograph, and we orchestrate our visions, redefining the human experience with fresh new language, in hopes that our work will serve mankind. The cultural heritage coming out of World War II suggests this is so.

 

Footnotes:

(1)  Time Passages, 1943 Commemorative Yearbook, Robert Burtt & Bill Main, 1999, Hourglass Publishing Company, Inc., Section: “December 1943”

(2)  “What Did It Cost? A Look Back”, Dave Manual.com, Printed 8-27-19.  https://www.davemanuel.com/whatitcost.php

(3) Time Passages, Ibid.

(4)  “The Numbers, Where Data and the Movies Meet”, Annual Movie Chart – 1943 Market Charts.

Printed 8-27-19. https://www.the-numbers.com/market/1943/top-grossing-movies

(5)  Time Passages, Ibid.

(6)  ebay, Shop by Category. Collectibles > Paper > Menus

Printed 8-27-19. https://www.ebay.com/itm/362581740716

(7)  Wikipedia.org, Playland (San Francisco), Printed 8-27-19. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Playland_(San_Francisco)

 

© 2019 Jeanne M. Halloran, all rights reserved

No portion of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or use of any information storage and retrieval system, without express written permission from the author.

 

PFC Thomas Carr, Mars Task Force (photo 7)

PFC Ronald Knuth, Battery C 612 Field Artillery Battalion, Gun Crewman T4 took this photo.  This is PFC Thomas Carr.  I’ve met Tom at the 2016 and 2017 Mars Task Force Reunions, and he has wonderful stories to tell and great photos of his own.

This photo is by courtesy of Ronald Knuth’s daughter, Sue Knuth Bailey, and is gratefully received.

29 Tom Carr

 

This must have been taken in Burma, but I wonder if this is the Burma Road?  Or, it could be the Ledo Road.  Would love to know.